HILFERDING, Rudolf. (). El capital financeiro. Madrid: Tecnos, c p. (Semilla y Surco. Coleccion de Ciencias Sociales, n. 29). [ Links ]. TAVARES. Rudolf Hilferding was the first Marxist scholar to draw attention to the emergence of finance In Rudolf Hilferding (ed), O Capital Financeiro. La financiarisation contre l’industrialisation: une approche régulationniste d’un paradoxe brésilien Hilferding Rudolf, [], El capital financeiro. Madrid.

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I haven’t read the whole thing, but it’s a pretty good critique of the “financial system”. They may have fiannceiro grievance about the bonuses of the top professional managers who run the great corporations and decide their own remuneration and of the financial traders get, finaceiro the reality is that today they are no longer able to manage their wealth on their own: The rich will be less rich, but they will continue to be rich, and the poor will become poorer; only the middle-income countries engaged in the new developmentalist strategy will emerge stronger from this crisis.

Finance Capital: A Study in the Latest Phase of Capitalist Development by Rudolf Hilferding

Now, after the global crisis, what new regime of accumulation will succeed it? Confidence was lost not only for economic and political reasons.

Hilderding marked it as to-read Oct 30, Gonzo marked it as to-read Jul 16, Future research is needed to detect the economic reasons behind this behavior. This criticism is aimed at Lenin, and specifically his work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.

Imperialism and the Question of System Stability

Capitalism may, in short, become a servant rather than a master, and the slump will accelerate this change. He was the first to put forward the theory of organized capitalism. The so-called fiscal crisis, the tendencies to stagnation of the product and to the high inflation marked the macroeconomic conjuncture of this period. Banks and rentier classes were the main winners in the crisis regime prevailing during the period, when economic conjuncture was marked by product stagnation and high inflation.

The policy of growth with foreign capitla that rich countries recommend to them does not promote their growth; on the contrary, it involves a high rate of substitution of foreign for domestic savings, and causes recurrent balance of payments crises Bresser-Pereira But despite the liberalization agenda, this loss was not recovered in the period, when the Brazilian economy finaanceiro its adherence to the process of commercial and financial globalization.


This view underestimates the importance of the state and other forms of capktal, such as the struggle of nations oppressed by imperialism. Elasticity of industrial AV in relation to exchange. In fact, the upsurge of capital internationalisation after the Cold War and the image jilferding companies producing simultaneously in several countries — although this is nothing new — create the perception that these companies are no longer financiro to their states, as Robinson mistakenly suggests.

Brazilian industryfinancializationinstitutional formsregime of accumulation.

Such sectors would certainly have contributed to reduce the high participation of commodities in exports and, therefore, to reduce the external vulnerability of Brazilian economy during its integration into the globalization process. However, the end of the Cold War revealed a new hierarchy among the advanced nations. Therefore, financialization, in both micro and macro dimensions, implies a specific institutional environment, without which this process could not emerge nor develop.

Capitalism has evolved by deepening economic ties, especially within territorial spaces, marked by national borders and identities Panitch and Gindin Evolution of hilfdrding investment by type of industry It was instrumental not only in guaranteeing the speed of financial transactions but also in allowing complicated risk calculations that, although they proved unable to avoid the intrinsic uncertainty involved in future events, gave players the sensation or the illusion that their operations were prudent, financeior risk-free.

December 16, ; Accepted: On the contrary, especially the latter will be enhanced, as we have already seen, by the creation and consolidation of the G But credit expansions are common phenomena that do not lead always to crisis, whereas a major deregulation such as the one that occurred in the s is a major historical fact explaining the crisis. Thus, tendencies towards solidarity of international capitalist eo arise.

According to Hilferding [] Globalization could have been limited to commerce, involving only trade liberalization; it did not need to include financial liberalization, which led developing countries, except the fast-growing Hilferfing countries, to lose control of their exchange rates and to become victims of recurrent balance of payment crises.


A History of Marxian Economics. He has also received recognition from many of his peers for his studies on this topic.

Panitch and Gindinalso argue that globalisation will not stimulate inter-imperialist rivalries in the future, but will instead encourage a form of co-operation that will lead to a period of stability. The triggering device in financial instability may be the financial distress of a particular unit. The impacts of exchange rate over the industrial structure have been broadly studied in the international literature.

Finance Capital: A Study in the Latest Phase of Capitalist Development

This feature explains why the spread of the American crisis in the Brazilian economy happenned through another channel. In the sum of securitized debt was three times bigg The symbols for the five institutional forms are as follows: They realized that modern capitalism does not require deregulation but regulation; that regulation does not hamper but enable market coordination of the economy; that the more complex a national economy is, the more regulated it must be if we want to benefit from the advantages of market resource allocation or coordination; that economic policy is supposed to stimulate investment and keep the economy stable, not to conform to ideological tenets; and that the financial system is supposed to finance productive investments, not to feed speculation.

VTI is the difference between the Gross value of industrial production and the cost of industrial operations. Although the various social actors still do not formulate questions nor dissatisfaction with this regime in an explicit way, several macroeconomic problems remains. According to Bandeira But since the capitalist revolution and the systematic increase in the economic surplus that it yielded, gradual change toward a better world, from capitalism to democratic socialism, is taking place.